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How bad is it?
South Africa has some of the worst road traffic injury statistics in the world. Each year, millions of people are killed or injured on our roads.
These are people who are loved and missed by their families and the impact of the crash will touch hundreds of people and affect many lives. It also impacts on the South African economy and so these lives are not just statistics.
Visit the Justice Project South Africa for a live road crash carnage counter.
2014/2015 festive season statistics
(23 January 2015)
On the 9th of January 2015, Minister Dipuo Peters announced that there were 1,118 fatal road accidents recorded between December 1 and January 5 and 1,368 fatalities. She said this reflected a decline in the number of fatalities. However, last year the period reported continued until the 7th of January 2014, thus adding an extra two days and rendering a comparision insignificant. Road traffic incidents remain a important problem in South Africa. SADD makes the following recemmendations to government.
We also send our condolences to the 1,368 (or more) families who lost loved one's on our roads over the past festive season. These 1,368 people are not just nameless statistics or numbers. These are real people – mothers, fathers, brothers, sisters, uncles and friends. Pillars of our society and breadwinners.
We tend to forget the 20 - 30 who are injured for every person who dies and 25 are paralyzed daily. SADD work with the United Nations and World Health Organization (WHO) and they have asked us to highlight the cost of injuries.
Road traffic deaths
Graph showing estimated road traffic deaths worldwide
WHO's "Global Status Report on Road Safety" 2013
Results as follows:
|DEATHS PER 100 000||(as amended by WHO using confidence estimated negative binomial regression models)|
|WORLD||AFRICA||SA ENFORCEMENT FIGURES|
|Sweden 3||Mozambique 18.5||Drink Driving 2/10|
|UK 3.7||Malawi 19.5||Seatbelts 2/10|
|Australia 6.1||Angola 23.1||Child restraints 1/10|
|USA 11.4||Zambia 23.8||Speed 3/10|
|India 18.9||Botswana 20.8||otorcycle helmets 6/10|
|China 20.5||Namibia 25|
|Iraq 31.5||SOUTH AFRICA 31.9|
|Iran 34.1||Nigeria 33.7|
|Dominican Rep 41.7|
Road traffic injuries
WHO: The high burden of injuries in South Africa
Rosana Norman, Richard Matzopoulos, Pam Groenewald, Debbie Bradshaw
Of the estimated 59 935 injury deaths in 2000, 46% (27 563) were homicides. Road traffic and self-inflicted injuries accounted for 26.7% and 9.1% of the injury mortality, respectively (see the table below). Homicide was the leading cause of fatal injury in males; road traffic injuries ranked second. This order was reversed in females (see the table below).
Worldwide, road traffic injuries are responsible for the highest injury mortality.5 In South Africa, road traffic injuries ranked second to interpersonal violence but the road traffic fatality rate (39.7 per 100 000) was higher than for any WHO region and almost double the global average.28 Unlike the global pattern, these accounted for a higher proportion of female (32.6%) than male deaths (24.8%) as the exceedingly high number of male interpersonal violence-related injuries reduced the relative proportion of road traffic injuries.
This high burden is caused by unsafe road environments, poor enforcement of existing traffic laws, road rage and aggressive driving. Alcohol misuse appears to be a major contributor. A recent study in the United States of America showed that the incidence of alcohol-related mortality in motor vehicle crashes was lower during periods when zero tolerance and administrative licence revocation laws were in effect. In South Africa, legislation sets drivers’ maximum blood alcohol concentration at the internationally acceptable level of 0.05 g/100 ml, yet almost half (46.5%) of all drivers killed in motor vehicle collisions were above this legal limit.
Pedestrians are involved in more than half (52%) of road traffic fatalities. Although alcohol plays a major role in pedestrian injuries, equal attention should be given to safe and convenient crossing points, good lighting and the use of reflective clothing. Lack of adult supervision is an important contributing factor in child pedestrian injuries, highlighting the need to include adults in road safety education and awareness campaigns.
Strong political will is key to prevention efforts; a directorate for injury prevention could perhaps be established within the national Department of Health. However, it is important to investigate the appropriateness of injury prevention strategies, as those that are successful in high-income countries may not work in low- and middle-income countries. It is also important to develop and evaluate strategies adapted to cultural, social and economic realities. In South Africa, this can be achieved by building capacity in the injury prevention and control field of behavioural and social science research, as suggested by Gielen and Sleet.
What we want
In South Africa, deaths per 100,000 = 43 This is shocking!
In SA - 18 000 people are killed annually and 150 000 are severely injured. (Medical Research Council statistics)
On a daily basis, 45 people die and 410 are injured, with 25 people becoming paralyzed.
Road crashes are the main cause for death in the youth, age 5 - 29. (Ref : World Health Organisation)
According to the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System (NIMSS) of 2010 SA’s annual road traffic fatality burden is estimated in the region of 18 000, with road traffic deaths of 43 per 100,000 (UK: 6 per 100 000, Australia: 8 per 100 000, USA: 14 per 100 000 - according to WHO.) CSIR says road crashes costs SA R309 Billion annually. DoT still loosely talk about approximately 14 000 deaths a year- but most people involved with road safety feel these are largely incorrect and the crashes/deaths and injuries are underreported.
Alcohol abuse (drinking then driving/walking) causes half of these problems.
Crashes happen all through the year- not just at Christmas and New Year